redeeming the woman at the well

Every sermon I have heard about “the woman at the well” (John 4) has made her out to be some kind of notorious sinner. Now that I am studying and preaching through the book of John I have finally come to this text.   I try to look at the scriptures in a fresh way each time I study, but most times you cannot help but bring your pre-conceived notions into your study time.

While dissecting the text and reading commentaries I expected to find that this woman was steeped in sin, and Jesus came to the rescue and saved her from that sin. What I found was quite different. After studying this passage, I found myself wanting to apologize to this 2000-year-old woman for judging her and speaking ill of her nearly every time that I had previously preached this text.Image processed by CodeCarvings Piczard ### FREE Community Edition ### on 2015-06-02 15:51:36Z | http://piczard.com | http://codecarvings.com

Most preachers have cited that because this woman was there at noon, she was trying to avoid the other ladies of the town. She was ostensibly trying to hide her loose sexual morals. Further into the story we find out that this woman has had five husbands and the man she is currently living with was not her husband. To 21st century Christians this is damning evidence of a loose sexual ethic. She must be a notorious sinner.

However what every preacher I have ever heard has failed to mention is that this account of Jesus with the woman at the well was meant to be contrasted with the previous one, Nicodemus and Jesus talking about being born again. Many preachers do not take into account that John is one of the cleverest writers in the Bible. The account of Jesus meeting with Nicodemus happened at nighttime, which is a Jewish symbol of unbelief. The account of the woman at the well happened at daytime, specifically at the sixth hour, when the sun shined the brightest, this is a Jewish symbol for belief. John is trying to contrast this ultra religious teacher of Israel who didn’t believe with a woman who did believe but would have had a repugnant status among Israelites.

The fact that Jesus’ conversation with the woman at the well happened at the 6th hour has a much deeper significance than most preachers have ever gone deeply into. We know that in John’s gospel that John is concerned Jesus’ “hour” of his most important work on the cross. (John 2:4, 7:30, 8:20, 12:23, 13:1, 17:1)

In John 3 Jesus tells Nicodemus, “Just as Moses lifted up the snake in the wilderness, so the Son of Man must be lifted up, that everyone who believes may have eternal life in him.”  In John 4 John alludes to when that will happen, John 4:6 shows this conversation happened at the 6th hour, the same time that Jesus was crucified (John 19:14). Could it be possible that this conversation is so much deeper and greater than whatever this woman may have done to offend God? I think this story points to something far deeper and greater, this woman is the living embodiment of what would be possible after the death and resurrection of Jesus.   After all John 4:4 tells us that Jesus had to go through Samaria. Wait a second…no he didn’t. At the time there were plenty of other routs around Samaria. So why did Jesus have to travel to this despised place? I think he had to find her. He had just spoken to Nicodemus about being born again and he wasn’t necessary ready to accept what Jesus was teaching. I think Jesus wanted to show us what it looked like to be born again. This woman is what it looks like for God to “so love the world.” This woman’s five husbands didn’t mean she was sinful; there were many ways to lose a husband in the first century: war, disease, accidental death, or divorce and in this culture, divorce would not have been her call. Many scholars say that if divorce was the reason for the many husbands than this woman was more than likely barren.

Having a child was everything in this culture.

In her encounter with Jesus at that well, she was born again. In her spiritual rebirth she couldn’t help herself. She had to go to her town and tell everyone who she had just met, a man who told the truth about her life because he is the truth. In the process this woman who was probably barren, birthed many spiritual children. She deserves a redeemed place in church history and in our consciousness, her sin whatever it was, is not relevant to the story. She did something that the teacher of Israel wouldn’t do. She put her confidence and trusts in Jesus and became the first missionary to her town.

When you hear the story of this nameless woman. I want to challenge you to see her the way that Jesus saw her. A lone woman who felt she was valueless, who probably was depressed because of her sad existence. A woman who was so marginalized in society that she essentially didn’t matter to the world. She became a woman of high value. She was the first new birth of the new creation. The first who was truly on mission with Jesus.

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make these words something: waking up in babylon

Cities in the book of Revelation are pictured as contrasting women. First there is the Whore of Babylon and then there is the Bride of Christ, which is the New Jerusalem.

All through the book there is this silent question of what city will you identify with?

When John spoke of Babylon he was using an Old Testament reference to describe the Roman world in which they lived. In the book of Revelation, Babylon becomes a kind of shorthand for the way that human power and authority. We find out in Revelation that Babylon is built on a foundation of lies and that are beautiful and alluring.

The Whore of Babylon is a word picture of the goddess Roma, and she offers her alluring romawine for all to drink. Babylon is this symbol of what it looks like to put money before people. Babylon is what we get when our value is determined by what we have rather than whom we belong to. Babylon is what we wake up to every day. It’s not a nation state, but it is the culture that drives nearly all of them.

In Babylon things like accruing power become very important. What you wear reveals your status. Money is the main driver of life. In Babylon you are constantly sold this lie. One day I was headed home from Palm Springs when I saw a billboard on the freeway that said, “What does your driveway say about you?” Really? My driveway reveals things that are core to my identity?

Every day we wake up in Babylon. It is so easy to be shaped by the life that Babylon provides. As I write this, Apple is releasing the new iPhone 7 and there is something in me that wants to lust after that object. There is something in me that makes me think, “if I just had the iPhone 7 everything would be different. Life would certainly be better!” 

But I know that is a lie.

The lie that Babylon feeds to us is that if we find our identity in wealth, relationships, stuff and status that we will be made whole. What we don’t see is that a commitment to a life in Babylon is a commitment to the oppression of the poor of the world. In Revelation 18 after we hear about the fall of Babylon, her merchants weep and mourn. They just lost their way to make money, which we think is sad until we realize that the reason why Rome was so wealthy is because they exploited the citrus wood trade in North Africa. They oppressed people who worked in the gold mines of Spain. Among the cargo list found in chapter 18 are, “human beings sold as slaves.”

There is a hidden cost to run Babylon. A cost which if we saw it fully would make us sick. It is a cost to miners in Africa who mine precious metals for our iPhones. It is a cost to children who make t-shirts in free-trade zones in the global south. They are out of sight from our eyes, but rest assured, they work more in 5 years than most people will in 50. Creation bears the brunt of our addiction to stuff, the great Pacific Trash Island can attest to this. Just floating below the surface there is a garbage patch the size of Texas in the Pacific Ocean.  Babylon breeds its own industry of the death of unwanted babies.

Babylon has an allure. It is glamorous and a wonder to gaze upon. But, that is only because we don’t see the hidden costs of Babylon. We don’t see all of those who are hurt by her way of life.

So I want to ask you. Please. Will you make my words worth something? Will you make the 9 commentaries and the endless hours spent in this book apply to your life?

I want to invite you into a very different life, the life of the lamb:

The lamb that loves and gives dignity to all humanity.

The lamb who values the poor.

The lamb that gives dignity to those who are oppressed by Babylon.

The lamb that executes perfect justice.

The lamb who is marked by truth.

The lamb who wants to wash you with his own blood.

Babylon will always be left wanting. A life based on a Babylonian value system will always be incomplete.

Make these words worth something…

Revelation 18:4-8

Then I heard another voice from heaven say:

“‘Come out of her, my people,’
    so that you will not share in her sins,
    so that you will not receive any of her plagues;
for her sins are piled up to heaven,
    and God has remembered her crimes.
Give back to her as she has given;
    pay her back double for what she has done.
    Pour her a double portion from her own cup.
Give her as much torment and grief
    as the glory and luxury she gave herself.
In her heart she boasts,
    ‘I sit enthroned as queen.
I am not a widow;

    I will never mourn.’
Therefore in one day her plagues will overtake her:
    death, mourning and famine.
She will be consumed by fire,
    for mighty is the Lord God who judges her.

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make these words mean something: the lion is the lamb

For 27 weeks in 2016 I taught through the book of Revelation: The next few post are the main points of the book…So make all my work…make all of these words…make all of the hours I put into it worth something…enjoy. 

When John, the author of Revelation, had a vision of heaven he saw God almighty on the throne, holding a scroll, sealed up with seven seals. For the original reader they might have thought of the powerful Emperor of Rome, Domitian sitting on his throne giving out edicts.

An Emperor or a king with a scroll that is sealed up signifies the king’s wishes and only one who had the authority of the king could open that scroll. This is the image that John is setting up for his reader. So the question became, “who is worthy to preside over the opening of these scrolls?”

The scrolls symbolized all of human history; it symbolized the new heaven and new earth that was found in Revelation 21. The question of, “who is worthy” means, who has the authority of the king to open the scroll? Who is able to watch over all of human life? Who is able to preside over the new heaven and the new earth? John wept because no one was found worthy.

But all of the sudden we see these verses:

Then one of the elders said to me, “Do not weep! See, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has triumphed. He is able to open the scroll and its seven seals.”

 Then I saw a Lamb, looking as if it had been slain, standing at the center of the throne, encircled by the four living creatures and the elders…” 1024px-Josefa_de_Ayala_-_The_Sacrificial_Lamb_-_Walters_371193

There is one worthy! He is announced as a lion, but when John turns he sees a lamb, “looking as if it had been slain.” The author of Revelation is always pulling this little trick on us. We hear one thing and see another.

The Lion is the Lamb!

What the author John is trying to remind us of is that the only thing that truly wins in the end is the sacrificial love of the lamb. Only the one who displays true sacrificial love is able to preside over all of human history.

This is in stark contrast to our world, which has a lust for power and authority. Just this year a practical joker got Donald Trump to re-tweet this quote from The fascist leader Benito Mussolini.

“It is better to live one day as a lion than 100 years as a sheep.”

This isn’t just Trump, In the political world, you would never survive on sacrificial self-giving love.   Lambs just survive in a Machiavellian political world.

It is no secret that people envision themselves as the lion in all situations.

Want to tell off your boss? Be a lion!

Want to rise through the political ranks? Be a lion!

Want your employees to fear you? Be a lion!

Want to be the hero? Be a lion!

We love movies that are exactly the opposite of this verse. We love movies that the lamb becomes the lion. We want to see the ordinary guy become a super hero. We want to see Rocky bulk up and beat people down. Our world celebrates lambs that become lions.

However, the church is called to the very opposite. We are called to lay down our lion like tendencies and to be formed by the self-giving love of the lamb.  We are called to be self-sacrificial in our love for others.  We are called to be formed by the lamb.

The lamb wins in the end.

In fact in Matthew 27, Pilate asks the crowd to choose between saving two people.  “Which one do you want me to release to you: Jesus Barabbas or Jesus who is called the Messiah?”

Jesus Barabbas was a rebel, fighting the Romans, taking their blood.  By all accounts he lead a bloody revolution.

Jesus the Messiah, lead a gentle revolution, teaching people to be kind to their enemies and forgive them.

Jesus Barabbas lived as a lion.

Jesus the Messiah lived as the Lamb of God.

Pilate asks then which is the question for the whole world today.  What Jesus do you want?  The lion or the lamb?

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foundational victory

Every disciple making community I start, begins with this premise. “The foundational facts-figures-readingvictory, upon which all other victories are based, is daily time to read the word of God.” This is a discipline that I have built into my life that has been revolutionary.   I challenge those new to the disciple making process to make their first victory one in which they read the word of God on a daily basis. Reading your Bible on a daily basis is a victory of discipline.

When I know a pastor well, I tell them that I want to know about their Bible reading schedule. Sadly, they usually cower in shame only to admit, it is not what it should be. I confess, up until a few years ago, I was a terrible Bible reader. I had every excuse in the book to not read the Bible on a daily basis. However, once I have disciplined myself to be a regular Bible reader, my previous excuses just seemed silly.

5 tips for a daily Bible reading plan

Plan it:

Know what you’re reading today and what you will read tomorrow. Whether it is just a chapter a day or an Old and New Testament reading, have a regular reading plan. At times I preach more than one time per week, so this has become an invaluable tool. I record my daily readings and reflections on the Evernote App so they are quickly searchable. I have found myself quoting obscure Biblical stories in the middle of sermons because they are things I had just read and fit so well. Have a plan God will use it!

Schedule it:

I have found it best to have a drop-dead time that reading has to be done by. I’m not legalistic about this but in the mornings when my kids wake up, all bets are off for reading (They are still in the ultra-needy stage). I try and have my reading and reflections done by the first 30 minutes after getting into the office for the day.   

Reflect on it:

It has happened more than one time that I have read a chapter in the Bible and thought, “what on earth did I just read?” It happens to everyone. I suggest a slower intentional reading of the scriptures with reflection. What I know is that God wants to speak to humanity and one of the best ways he does that is with his word.

Discuss it

God’s word was spoken before it was ever read. I once heard a Rabbi say that it should be a sin to read the Torah alone. There is something about talking about the scripture that lends to it becoming a reality in life. After all, I am convinced that words can become flesh.

Account for it

I have a small group of local pastors that I text my daily reading to. It is almost like the good old fashion chain letter, I text one person and they text another and so on. More than anything else, practicing the discipline of accountability makes me read the Bible on days when I’m just to tired or busy, and those are the days I need to hear God’s voice the most.

Effective disciple making begins with a solid daily reading of the scriptures. The scriptures will grow you, transform you and send you on mission with Jesus. I believe that once you have achieved a victory in reading the scripture then that lays the foundation for all other victories. Can you afford to put off developing a daily reading plan?

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Celebrating Women in Leadership: 3 reasons why I am Egalitarian

Celebrating Women in LeadershipSo in Christ Jesus you are all children of God through faith…There is neither Jew nor Gentile, neither slave nor free, nor is there male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus.

  1. Women in Leadership is Biblically Accurate: Women in scripture were clearly more than the helpmate that my complementation brothers and sisters would describe. Women were bold dynamic leaders (Deborah, Esther, Mary, the Samaritan woman, etc.). Supporting women in ministry leadership actually takes a deeper reading of scripture. I can see where a simplistic surface level reading of the text could lend someone toward complementation thinking. However, solid biblical exegesis leads me back to the fact that men and women can and should be full partners in ministry.

Here are three quick reasons why I believe women in church leadership is biblically accurate

-Men and women are both image bearers: Genesis 1:27;31, 5:1-2

-Jesus levels the playing field: Galatians 3:26-28

-Women were apostles and leaders in the early church: Romans 16,

***There are many more reasons why this is biblically accurate, if you are looking for reasons then check out my friends over at http://juniaproject.com or post a question in the comments and I’ll get back to you

  1. Women in Leadership are Strategically important: This question has rocked me lately, “If the great commission were to be fulfilled in two years, what would have to happen?” Obviously, when you start thinking about the ramifications of this question, the first thing is that we need more people who are on mission with Jesus. We need men and women to, to lead churches and to disciple others. If the Great Commission were to be accomplished in the next two years, the church would minimally have to double its output of leaders. This means my complementation friends would have to release some ladies to lead churches and preach the gospel.
  2. Women in Leadership makes an “Acts 2” Church: Everyone wants to have the “Acts 2” type of church. Usually when this is mentioned to we are specifically suggesting Acts 2:42-47. This is a terrific vision of what the church ought to look like and be, But in my Bible I can’t get to Acts 2:42-47 without reading verses 17-18

“‘In the last days, God says,

I will pour out my Spirit on all people.

Your sons and daughters will prophesy,

your young men will see visions,

your old men will dream dreams.

Even on my servants, both men and women,

    I will pour out my Spirit in those days,

and they will prophesy.

 

Sign up for the Celebrating Women in Leadership Conference, February 14, 2015: Click Here

 

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